Investigating Science 10 - Unit A

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Chapter 1

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Electronic Student Book Table of Contents and Introduction - this Table of Contents and Introduction Electronic Student Book file is provided in Adobe Acrobat (pdf) format. Please note that some Electronic Student Book files are large and depending on the speed of your connection to the Internet, may take some time to download to your computerPage 2.


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Electronic Student Book Chapter - the Electronic Student Book file for this chapter is provided in web-enabled pdf format. If you are logged into ScienceSource.ca, clicking the page numbers of the pdf file will present you with all available web resources for that page.Page 2


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Electronic Student Book Skills References - these Skills References are an excellent guide for reviewing science skills and getting the most out of your Investigating Science 10 experience.Page 2


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Electronic Student Book Glossary and Index - this Glossary and Index Electronic Student Book file also contains all the answers to numerical questions in Investigating Science 10.Page 2


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Bioscapes - amazing collections of images taken by scientists with very powerful microscopes and equipment.


Activity

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Tissues, Organs and Systems of Living Things - units always start better when you try a fun activity as an introduction to the new topic.

  • TeensHealth - explore how the human teen body works in videos, activities and articles
  • How The Body Works - what could make a unit more interesting than discovering how and why your own body does what it does

Video

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Tissues, Organs and Systems of Living Things - these videos introduce cells, tissues and systems of living organisms.


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SPECIAL GRADE 9 eText PREVIEW - the Electronic Student Book file for this Grade 9 Investigating Science chapter is provided in web-enabled pdf format. If you are logged into ScienceSource.ca, clicking the page numbers of the pdf file will present you with all available web resources for that page. Please note this special preview is available only for the chapters of grade 9 Unit A Sustainable Ecosystems, and for a limited time only.Page 2


Activity

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Systems Biology - read more about the area of systems biology as you begin your unit task.


Audio

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Systems Biology - a Scientific American podcast, with transcript, that introduces systems biology by interviewing one of the pioneers in this discipline.


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Influenza - we often think of the flu as a normal sickness, but the influenza virus sometimes changes to become a much more dangerous microorganism


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Quarantine - a controversial method of isolating those people infected, or even exposed, to an infectious agent.


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The Other Brain Cells - the forgotten cells in your brain, astrocytes help neurons to function.


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The Discovery of the Cell - once early lenses and microscopes were invented, it was soon discovered that many things were made up of tiny compartments referred to as cells.


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Using Technology to Study the Cell - we now have much more powerful and accurate equipment to study cells and their behaviours.


Activity

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Introduction to Microscopy - the best microscope resource on the web, including virtual light and scanning electron microscopes.


Key Activity

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SMART Notebook Section Supplement - this file reviews the key concepts for the section and explores one of the key concepts with an interactive activity. Important note - you will require SMART Notebook software to use this file.


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Graphic Organizer: The Cell - Skills Reference 7 on page 530 of your text reviews many of the graphic organizers you might use.


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Cell Parts and Their Functions - use these links to compare, contrast and learn about the parts of plant and animal cells.


Activity

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Virtual Cells - using a microscope is an excellent way to view cells, but some virtual cells can show very clearly the organelles and processes you can find there.


Key Activity

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Active Art: Plant and Animal Cells - observe and compare the various organelles and structures of plant and animal cells.


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Cell Structures and Organelles - find out more about the structure and function of many parts of plant and animal cells.

  • Cell Membrane - learn more about the cell membrane.
  • Cytoplasm - this jelly-like substance holds all the organelles, as well as the cytoskeleton.
  • Nucleus - this is the control centre and storage location of coded information about the organism.
  • Vacuoles and Vesicles - vacuoles are general storage locations, while vesicles are often specialized for storage or transport.
  • Mitochondria - information and structure of the mitochondria.
  • Lysosomes - learn more about these sites of digestion within the cell.
  • Golgi Apparatus - information about this preparation area.
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum - read more about the production and transport of proteins and fats from the ER.
  • Ribosomes - found on rough endoplasmic reticulum, these organelles are protein factories.
  • Cytoskeleton - a vast network of protein filaments that act like a skeleton and a muscle at the same time.
  • Centrioles - only found in animal cells, these tiny structures help move genetic information during mitosis and meiosis.
  • Cell Wall - these are important as shape and support structures in many non-animal cells.
  • Chloroplasts - these amazing green structures convert sunlight into products that almost all life on Earth use for energy.

Activity

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Cell Structures and Organelles - review the organelles of plant and animal cells using these links.


Key Puzzle

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Mystery Image - use your jigsaw puzzle skills to solve the mystery image and uncover the secret "key idea" that goes with the image.


Key Lab

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Technology Lab: Osmosis - try this lab to investigate the movement of water across a semi-permeable membrane.


Key Activity

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Active Art: Plant Cell - observe the organelles and structures of a plant cell.


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The Differences Between Plant and Animal Cells - although all cells share similar characteristics, there are some fundamental differences between plant and animal cells.


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Compound Light Microscopes - learn more about how these valuable scientific tools work.


Activity

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Compound Light Microscopes - use these activities and virtual microscopes to learn more.


Key Quiz

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Labeling Practice - want to test your knowledge of key concepts from this chapter? Try this special labeling quiz.


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Magnification, Resolution and Contrast - making small objects larger, and being able to see fine detail in an image.

  • Micrographs - amazing collections of digital images captured with optical microscopes.
  • Fluorescence Microscopy - a huge website with explanations, interactive tutorials and images.

Activity

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Magnification, Resolution and Contrast - use these activities to learn more about magnification, resolution and contrast


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Electron Microscopes - much smaller objects can be seen with this type of microscope, but only thin slices of the surface of a specimen can be viewed.


Activity

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Electron Light Microscopes - use these activities and virtual microscopes to learn more about using electrons instead of light.


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Mitochondria and Lysosomes - these two important organelles have been studied extensively by scientists using electron microscopes.

  • Electron Microscopic Atlas - an amazing collection of organelle images and useful background information.
  • Mitochondria - more about the powerhouse of the cell.
  • Mitochondrion - a very complex animated illustration of what happens in a mitochondrion.
  • Lysosomes - a brief re-introduction to lysosomes.
  • Lysosome - the structure and function of the lysosome in the context of the other cell organelles.

Activity

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Cells on Display - like most aspects of science, building and viewing models can help us better understand and appreciate both structure and function.


Activity

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Biological Diagrams - sketching and drawing microscopic images allows us to communicate and record important discoveries.


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The Differences Between Plant and Animal Cells - although all cells share similar characteristics, there are some fundamental differences between plant and animal cells.


Key Lab

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Supplementary Lab: Counting Chloroplasts - the green pond plant Elodea is packed with chloroplasts, as it captures sunlight for photosynthesis. In this activity, count Elodea chloroplasts under a microscope and hopefully observe some amazing chloroplast tricks.


Online Quiz

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Section 1.1 Quiz - need more practice? Try this online quiz.


Key Puzzle

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Crossword Puzzle - how well do you know the terms and concepts from this section? Find out by trying this puzzle. (Also available for download)


Weblink

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Your Skin - learn more about the largest organ of the human body, of which you get to see all the dead parts.


Key Activity

Page 26 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

SMART Notebook Section Supplement - this file reviews the key concepts for the section and explores one of the key concepts with an interactive activity. Important note - you will require SMART Notebook software to use this file.


Weblink

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Take Protection - we like the Sun, and it allows us to survive, but we also must take care not to get too much sunshine.

  • UV Index - information about what the UV Index is.
  • Sunscreen - excellent sun protection information.

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Melanoma - precautionary skin check images from Skincheck, the Melanoma Education Foundation.


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The Cell Cycle - these links will help you learn more about interphase and mitosis.


Activity

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The Cell Cycle - use these activities as an introduction to the cell cycle, as well as a method to revisit and review what you learn about this topic.

  • Cell Division - - use this GIZMO to go through an animated, interactive cell cycle.
  • The Cell Cycle - each step will be covered in more detail, but this will be an excellent resource to return to again and again as you attempt to name and describe each step of the cycle.
  • Control the Cell Cycle - use this game to learn and review the life cycle of a cell (works best with Google Chrome and Adobe Flash activated).

Video

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Cell Differentiation - cell division from the perspective of a developing embryo. Free PBS registration may be required.


Key Puzzle

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Mystery Image - use your jigsaw puzzle skills to solve the mystery image and uncover the secret "key idea" that goes with the image.


Key Lab

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Dry Lab: Multiplying by Dividing - how long do the different phases of the cell cycle take? Try this activity to find out.


Key Quiz

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Chapter Matching Terms - want to review the terms you have learned in this chapter? Try this special chapter terms matching quiz.


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Mitosis - also known as the M-phase of the cell cycle, mitosis results in two identical daughter cells being produced.

  • Mitosis - this LabBench activity walks through all of the steps of mitosis.
  • Animal Cell Mitosis - this page describes and animates the splitting of one cell into two.

Video

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Mitosis - once interphase has prepared the cell for division, mitosis occurs.


Key Image

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Flash Learning Tool: Mitosis - having difficulty learning the different phases of mitosis? Try this handy tool that allows you to step through the phases and test yourself by turning labels on or off.


Key Activity

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Active Art: Cell Cycle - observe a cell undergoing an orderly sequence of events as it grows and divides.


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Cell Death - cells may die due to damage (necrosis) or naturally of old age (apoptosis).


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Cancer - instead of behaving normally, cells may become cancerous and break all the rules.

  • The Cancer Cell - concise information about cancerous cells.
  • How do Cells Become Cancerous? - one of a series of interesting questions about cancer on this UK website.
  • Cancer - comprehensive information and recommendations from the World Health Organization.

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Cancer Cells - these videos illustrate why normal cells may become cancerous, and discuss potential cures.


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HeLa Cells - developed 60 years ago from the cancerous cells of one patient, these cells are now used in cancer research all over the world.

  • Henrietta's Dance - a biography of Henrietta Lacks and her contribution to the world of medicine.
  • HeLa - general information about the HeLa cells.

Activity

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Identifying the Stages of Mitosis - identify the stages of mitosis.

  • Onion Root Tip Mitosis - micrographs of an onion root tip undergoing mitosis with the stages labelled.
  • Mitosis in Real Cells - compare these micrographs of an animal cell undergoing mitosis to those of the plant cell.

Key Video

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Key Lab Video: Activity A8 - Identifying the Stages of Mitosis in Plant and Animal Cells - join senior author Lionel Sandner as he offers tips for viewing the stages of mitosis.


Online Quiz

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Section 1.2 Quiz - need more practice? Try this online quiz.


Key Puzzle

Page 37 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

Crossword Puzzle - how well do you know the terms and concepts from this section? Find out by trying this puzzle. (Also available for download)


Weblink

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Regeneration - the ability to regrow replacement body parts is an area of study that fascinates scientists.


Activity

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Salamander Superpowers - read through this case study about regeneration and stem cells, then answer the questions at the end (includes teaching notes too!)


Key Activity

Page 38 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

SMART Notebook Section Supplement - this file reviews the key concepts for the section and explores one of the key concepts with an interactive activity. Important note - you will require SMART Notebook software to use this file.


Weblink

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Tailor-Made Body Parts - discover more about Dr. Atala and his work with scaffolds, stem cells and growing your own organs for transplant.

  • Growing New Organs - you could be your own organ donor, as your own cells are cultured in Dr. Anthony Atala's lab to grow a replacement organ.
  • Institute of Regenerative Medicine - this Wake Forest department is where Dr. Anthony Atala works and where the donor bladder was grown.

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Cell Specialization - this BrainPop (free trial available) discusses how cells contain information about the entire organism, but at some point during growth most specialize to become something specific.


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Stem Cells - probably the most controversial - and most promising - area of regenerative medicine.


Activity

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Stem Cells - the science, ethics and illnesses associated with stem cells can make this a very contentious issue.

  • Stem Cells - a collection of resources about stem cells from NOVA, including a 15-minute video.
  • Stem Cells - an introduction to stem cells, plus the many areas of study and controversy surrounding them.
  • Stem Cells: Breakthrough - recent discoveries have created embryonic stem cells without using human embryos.

Video

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Stem Cells - this source of video will explain further about stem cells, their potential, and their problems.

  • Whitehead Institute - this biomedical research institute's focus is stem cell research; check here for recent news

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Meristematic Cells - plants have stem cells in their meristems, the tip of growing areas like roots and stems.


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Specialized Cells and Tissues - the complexity of multicellular organisms is due to the fact that cells become specialized, and work together to perform specific functions.


Key Puzzle

Page 43 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

Mystery Image - use your jigsaw puzzle skills to solve the mystery image and uncover the secret "key idea" that goes with the image.


Weblink

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Stem Cell Treatments - stem cells have a variety of uses, but one of the most encouraging is in the treatment of diseases.


Video

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Stem Cells, Parkinson's and Diabetes - for a variety of reasons, Parkinson's disease and stem cell research have become closely linked in recent years.


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Receiving Mixed Messages - the stem cell debate is an excellent example of how accurate scientific information can be difficult to find, and how biases and politics can confuse fact and fiction.


Key Lab

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Supplementary Lab: Colourful Carnations - plants have amazing systems for moving water and sugars throughout their entire structure. In this activity, explore how water moves through a plant system by observing coloured water.


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Cactus - read about the many adaptations of cacti, including their interesting epidermal tissues.


Online Quiz

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Section 1.3 Quiz - need more practice? Try this online quiz.


Key Puzzle

Page 47 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

Crossword Puzzle - how well do you know the terms and concepts from this section? Find out by trying this puzzle. (Also available for download)


Weblink

Page 48

Sheela Basrur - as the medical officer for health in Toronto during the SARS outbreak, and later as a leader in Ontario's provincial health duties, Dr. Basrur played a vital role in the well-being of all Ontarians.

  • Sheela Basrur - read more about the life and accomplishments of this amazing Canadian doctor and civil servant.
  • The Sheela Basrur Centre - guides Ontarians towards a safer and more healthful life.

Key Quiz

Page 48 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

OSSLT Practice Quiz - use this quiz to practice for the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test. Read "Great Canadians in Science: Dr. Sheela Basrur" before completing the quiz.


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Medical Laboratory Technologist - the important scientists whose hard work and constantly changing challenges allow medicine and science to do the miraculous things they can do.


Weblink

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Systems Biology - read more about some specific areas of systems biology as you continue your unit task.

  • The Institute of Systems Biology - includes an introduction to this field of study, plus many useful links to more information.
  • Cloning - read about cloning, including current news, and try your hand at cloning virtual mice.
  • Stem Cells - a University of Utah site that provides information, news and ethical issues surrounding the harvesting and use of stem cells.
  • Cancer Research - part of the larger Canadian Cancer Society website, read about how researchers are progressing in the treatment and prevention of cancer.
  • Gene Therapy - gene therapy involves replacing broken DNA with working, functional segments.

Key Quiz

Page 51 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

Chapter Matching Terms - want to review the terms you have learned in this chapter? Try this special chapter terms matching quiz.


Key Quiz

Page 51 - Key Resource - ScienceSource PLUS

Chapter Quiz - want to review what you have learned in this chapter? Try this special chapter review quiz.


Chapter 2

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Chapter 3

You do not have access to this grade's basic resources; you may only view the Preview resources in Chapter 1.
If you have an account with access to this grade, then please log in to view resources for chapters 2 through 12.